Rule of Law

01-10-2011 02:22 AM - عدد القراءات : 21445
كتب by Transparency International
Legal and political systems, structures and practices that condition a government’s actions to protect citizens’ rights and liberties, maintain law and order, and encourage the effective functioning of the country.66

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Example in practice
 
Afghanistan has searched to re-establish the rule of law following the exit of the Taliban in 2001 from government, focusing on rebuilding state and non-state institutions that promote the application ofpublic rules which are fair, independent and equally enforced.67
 
Relevant links
 
—— African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption.
 
—— American Bar Association: Rule of Law Initiative.
 
—— European Institute of Public Administration: Rule of Law.
 
—— OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
 
—— UN Convention against Corruption.
 
66 Helen Yu and Alison Guernsey, “What is the Rule of Law”. Center for International Finance and Development. (Iowa City, Iowa: University of Iowa, 2005). http://www.uiowa.edu/ifdebook/faq/Rule_of_Law.shtml
 
Rachel Kleinfeld Belton, “Competing Definitions of the Rule of Law: Implications for Practitioners”. Carnegie Paper No. 55 (Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for Peace, January 2005). http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/CP55.Belton.FINAL.pdf.
 
67 Leigh Toomey and J. Alexander Thier, “Bridging Modernity and Tradition: Rule of Law and Search for Justice in Afghanistan”. USI Peace Briefing (Washington, DC: US Institute of Peace, October 2007).