Example in practice
In the European Commission, one of the most sensational cases of corruption involved allegations that the Commissioner of Research and Education from 1995-1999, Edith Cresson, a former French primeminister, used nepotism in hiring her dentist to produce reports on AIDS research, although he lackedany background or qualifications for the position.46
—— Global Security: Afghanistan: Nepotism, Cronyism Widespread in Government
—— Transparency International: Global Corruption Report 2007
—— USA Today: Don’t Let Jobs Grow on Family Trees
United Nations Development Programme, Tackling Corruption, Transforming Lives: Accelerating Human Development in the Asia and the Pacific (New Delhi: Macmillan, 2008).
46 See: Kelly Li, “Recommendations for the Curbing of Corruption, Cronyism, Nepotism and Fraud in the European Commission”, Boston College International & Comparative Law Review, vol, 24: 1 (2000).