Patronage

01-10-2011 01:57 AM - عدد القراءات : 19831
كتب by Transparency International
Form of favouritism in which a person is selected, regardless of qualifications or entitlement, for a job or government benefit because of political affiliations or connections.52

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Example in practice
 
In Kenya, harambee — voluntary contributions to community development projects — has become a tool for patronage used by politicians to garner votes, maintain the loyalty of their electorate, and solidify and shape political leadership at the local level.53
 
Relevant links
—— CMI: Autonomy, incentives and patronage: A Study of Corruption in the Tanzania and Uganda Revenue Authorities.
 
—— U4: What is Political Corruption?
 
52 USAID, TATWEER Anti-Corruption Glossary http://www.tatweer-iraq.com/content/resources/detail/812.
 
 
D Brinkerhoff and A Goldsmith, ‘Clientelism, Patrimonialism and Democratic Governance: An Overview and Framework for Assessment and Programming’, Abt Associates prepared for USAID, 2002. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnacr426.pdf
 
53 Anne Waiguru, ‘Corruption and Patronage Politics: The Case of ‘Harambee’ in Africa’. http://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/Document.1417.pdf.