Example in practice
In Kenya, harambee — voluntary contributions to community development projects — has become a tool for patronage used by politicians to garner votes, maintain the loyalty of their electorate, and solidify and shape political leadership at the local level.53
—— CMI: Autonomy, incentives and patronage: A Study of Corruption in the Tanzania and Uganda Revenue Authorities.
—— U4: What is Political Corruption?
D Brinkerhoff and A Goldsmith, ‘Clientelism, Patrimonialism and Democratic Governance: An Overview and Framework for Assessment and Programming’, Abt Associates prepared for USAID, 2002. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnacr426.pdf