Example in practice
In 2000, Daniel Ortega and Arnoldo Aleman, the two leaders of Nicaragua’s principal opposition parties, reached an informal pact to push through a constitutional change that enhanced their controlof government institutions and constitutional leverage, including life-long immunity from prosecution.
—— CMI Paper: Political Corruption-An Introduction to the Issues.
—— Transparency International: Political Corruption.
—— Transparency International: Global Corruption Report 2004, Political Corruption.
—— U4 theme: Political Corruption.
57 Hodess, ‘Introduction’, in: Transparency International, Global Corruption Report 2004 - Political Corruption’ (Berlin: 2004).
I. Amundsen, ‘Political Corruption: An Introduction to the Issues’ (CMI Working Paper 1999:7)
D Brinkerhoff and A Goldsmith, ‘Clientelism, Patrimonialism and Democratic Governance: An Overview and Framework for Assessment and Programming’, Abt Associates prepared for USAID, 2002. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnacr426.pdf.