01-10-2011 12:00 AM - عدد القراءات : 24811
كتب الحسين محمود elhossien mahmoud 01019888736
A multi-step process of established procedures to acquire goods and services by any individual, company or organization — from the initial needs assessment to the contract’s award and service delivery.61

Example in practice
The city of Buenos Aires found a very wide dispersion in the prices paid for basic, identical products to supply its hospital network, such as needles, syringes, intravenous solutions, x-ray film and sanitarymaterials, raising suspicion that corruption had tainted the procurement process.62
Relevant links
—— Transparency International: Procurement Handbook.
—— U4 Theme: Corruption in Public Procurement.
—— UN Procurement Capacity Development Centre.
61 U4 Theme: Corruption in Public Procurement
Transparency International, Procurement Handbook
D Brinkerhoff and A Goldsmith, ‘Clientelism, Patrimonialism and Democratic Governance: An Overview and Framework for
Assessment and Programming’, Abt Associates prepared for USAID, 2002.
62 Brief, ‘The Impact of Information and Accountability on Hospital Procurement Corruption in Argentina and Bolivia