Example in practice
A 2005 survey of 701 companies in the Philippines asked managers if they had solicited a bribe in the past year. Findings showed that more than one-fifth of the respondents had done so when dealingwith government agencies, either to request a local government permit or license (36 percent), payincome taxes (30 percent), petition for a national government permit or license (28 percent), or import goods (21 percent).69
—— BIAC Program for Combating the Solicitation of Bribes.
—— OECD Guidelines for Multinational Companies.
—— TI Business Principles for Countering Bribery.
68 ECD Guidelines for Multinational Companies
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, The Global Programme Against Corruption – UN Anti-Corruption Toolkit, 3rd edition (Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2004).
International Chamber of Commerce, Policy and Business Practices
69 Social Weather Stations, 2005 SWS Survey of Enterprises on Corruption: Solicitation Of Bribes