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كتب elhossien mahmoud email@example.com
Characteristic of being clear, honest and open in the disclosure of information, rules, plans, processes and actions. As a principle, this implies that public officials, civil servants, company managers and board trustees have a duty to act visibly, predictably and understandably to promote participation and accountability.72
Example in practice
In Romania, all high-level government officials must disclose on a public website their financial and property holdings, as well as positions they hold in associations and businesses, any paid professionalactivities, and their investments in companies.73
—— EITI: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.
—— Open Society Justice Initiative.
—— Right 2 Info.
Transparency International, Combating Corruption in Judicial Systems
Transparency International, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Tools to Support Transparency in Local Governance (Kenya and Berlin: 2004). Wayne Visser, Dirk Matten, Manfred Pohl and Nick Tolhurst. “The A to Z of Corporate Social Responsibility” (London, UK: Wiley, 2008).
D Brinkerhoff and A Goldsmith, ‘Clientelism, Patrimonialism and Democratic Governance: An Overview and Framework for Assessment and Programming’, Abt Associates prepared for USAID, 2002. http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/Pnacr426.pdf.